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Animal Science Semester Test

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 1. 

The population of the world is about 3.5 billion people.
 

 2. 

The rate of growth of the human population today is slowing.
 

 3. 

The Green Revolution brought genetically improved high-yielding dwarf wheat and rice to the developing world.
 

 4. 

The shift from hunting/gathering to agriculture allowed the population to grow.
 

 5. 

The first military developed as a need to protect stored agricultural products.
 

 6. 

Corn was first domesticated in Western Europe.
 

 7. 

Cats are the result of domestication of the Near Eastern wildcat.
 

 8. 

Nomadic people in the Fertile Crescent raised cattle.
 

 9. 

Pigs are excellent scavengers, but chickens are not.
 

 10. 

When horses were first domesticated, they were used only as a source of food.
 

 11. 

Feral animals typically have very unstable populations.
 

 12. 

Today, beef makes up about two-thirds of meat produced and consumed globally.
 

 13. 

Pig production in Europe is increasing significantly.
 

 14. 

Globally, the production of poultry products has been rising rapidly.
 

 15. 

A quarter horse can run as fast as 70 mph.
 

 16. 

A trotting horse is moving faster than a cantering horse.
 

 17. 

A mule is a cross between a male donkey and a female horse.
 

 18. 

Once domesticated, a cat cannot successfully revert to the wild.
 

 19. 

The cost for cow-calf operations is higher than the costs for feedlot facilities.
 

 20. 

The Limousin is the most popular breed of cattle in Europe.
 

 21. 

Most pigs are weaned at 18-21 days of age.
 

 22. 

Sheep and goats are frequently produced together in much of the world.
 

 23. 

Australia is a major wool producer.
 

 24. 

Goats were the first livestock species to be domesticated.
 

 25. 

It is believed that chickens were first brought to the Americas by Polynesian traders.
 

 26. 

Most species produced today in freshwater aquaculture were domesticated in your or your parents’ lifetime.
 

 27. 

The USA is a major exporter of shellfish and finfish.
 

 28. 

Walleye are supplied for sport fishing and for the food fish market.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 29. 

Which of these cities has the largest population?
a.
Mumbai, India
c.
Tokyo, Japan
b.
Shanghai, China
d.
Mexico City, Mexico
 

 30. 

Which part of the world has the greatest number of undernourished people?
a.
Sub-Saharan Africa
c.
Latin America and Caribbean
b.
East Asia
d.
North Africa and Near East
 

 31. 

By 2004, the average yield for corn increased to ____ bushels per acre.
a.
26
c.
202
b.
161
d.
418
 

 32. 

Which country is the largest producer of maize/corn?
a.
United States
c.
Brazil
b.
India
d.
Argentina
 

 33. 

Who is hailed as the Father of the Green Revolution?
a.
Modadugu Gupta
c.
He Kang
b.
Monty Jones
d.
Norman Borlaug
 

 34. 

Which of these is NOT an animal that was domesticated in present-day China during Neolithic times?
a.
cattle
c.
pigs
b.
chickens
d.
geese
 

 35. 

Which of these plants was domesticated in Neolithic times in the Andes in South America?
a.
wild rice
c.
barley
b.
wheat
d.
potato
 

 36. 

Dogs are the result of the domestication of which animal?
a.
gray wolf
c.
dingo
b.
white wolf
d.
coyote
 

 37. 

When were dogs first brought to the Americas?
a.
14,000 B.C.
c.
during the Age of Exploration
b.
2000 B.C.
d.
during the American Revolution
 

 38. 

Chickens were first domesticated in what is now:
a.
southern Russia
c.
Southeast India
b.
western France
d.
northeast China
 

 39. 

Which of these is NOT considered a domesticated mammal?
a.
llama
c.
bobcat
b.
reindeer
d.
water buffalo
 

 40. 

Donkeys were originally brought to the Americas by:
a.
European settlers
c.
ancient Asians crossing the land bridge
b.
Vikings
d.
European pirates
 

 41. 

Animal products contain:
a.
zinc
c.
high-quality protein
b.
niacin
d.
all answers
 

 42. 

Animal products in the average U.S. diet provide 78% of the:
a.
iron
c.
calcium
b.
vitamin A
d.
Vitamin C
 

 43. 

The United States is the number one producer of milk from:
a.
goats
c.
cattle
b.
sheep
d.
yaks
 

 44. 

The major increases in pork production across the globe reflect increases in:
a.
mixed crop systems
c.
industrial systems
b.
pastoral systems
d.
all answers
 

 45. 

The difference between a horse and a pony is normally based on:
a.
size
c.
gender
b.
age
d.
all answers
 

 46. 

One hand is equal to ___ inches.
a.
2
c.
4
b.
3
d.
6
 

 47. 

Horses belong to the _____ family.
a.
Mammalia
c.
Perissodactyla
b.
Chordata
d.
Equidae
 

 48. 

A group of horses is called a:
a.
family
c.
flock
b.
herd
d.
gander
 

 49. 

What feature gives the Appaloosa its distinctive look?
a.
dark spots in its coat
c.
unusually long ears
b.
white spots in its coat
d.
a short tail
 

 50. 

The Manx cat lacks ____ due to an autosomal dominant trait.
a.
optical pigment
c.
a tail
b.
claws
d.
fur
 

 51. 

Dogs have been used by people:
a.
to pull sleds
c.
as a form of therapy
b.
for military purposes
d.
all answers
 

 52. 

How many breeds of dog are recognized by the American Kennel Club?
a.
50
c.
350
b.
150
d.
400
 

 53. 

What is the most common species of parrot kept as pets?
a.
nestor
c.
budgerigar
b.
andean
d.
rennell
 

 54. 

Which of the following is NOT one of the top three beef cattle-producing states?
a.
Texas
c.
Nebraska
b.
Iowa
d.
Kansas
 

 55. 

Which of these is a desired feature of beef cattle?
a.
long, trim, deep-sided body
c.
thinly muscled front legs
b.
excess fat
d.
extra hide around the throat
 

 56. 

What is the leading breed of cattle in order of registrations?
a.
Charolais
c.
Angus
b.
Hereford
d.
Simmental
 

 57. 

Pigs are:
a.
carnivores
c.
omnivores
b.
herbivores
d.
none of these
 

 58. 

Which state leads in pig production?
a.
Arkansas
c.
Iowa
b.
Kentucky
d.
North Carolina
 

 59. 

Which of these is a white breed of pig?
a.
Hampshire
c.
Yorkshire
b.
Spot
d.
Berkshire
 

 60. 

Which country produces the largest quantity of sheep and goat meat?
a.
Syria
c.
United Kingdom
b.
Australia
d.
China
 

 61. 

Sheep and goats were an ideal domestic animal early in agriculture because:
a.
They helped clear the land prior to planting
b.
They are small and easy to manage.
c.
They browsed on vegetation that provided little or no nutrients to people
d.
all answers
 

 62. 

Who was the first successfully cloned sheep?
a.
Holly in 1987
c.
Dolly in 1996
b.
Molly in 1990
d.
Polly in 2001
 

 63. 

Chickens do NOT have:
a.
feathers
c.
the muscular requirements for flight
b.
the skeletal requirements for flight
d.
teeth
 

 64. 

Molting:
a.
is induced by increasing feed availability and decreasing the hours of light
b.
is induced by decreasing feed availability and increasing the hours of light
c.
causes the ovaries to stop producing estrogens, progesterone, and androgens
d.
results in the oviduct increasing in size to stimulate additional feather growth
 

 65. 

What is the top U.S. state for chicken meat production?
a.
North Carolina
c.
Alabama
b.
Texas
d.
Georgia
 

 66. 

What is the top U.S. state for egg production?
a.
Alabama
c.
Iowa
b.
Georgia
d.
Indiana
 

 67. 

Which of these is NOT a crustacean?
a.
shrimp
c.
crawfish
b.
oyster
d.
crab
 

 68. 

What is the number one group of species raised by aquaculture in the world?
a.
carp
c.
trout
b.
salmon
d.
tuna
 

 69. 

Catfish production in the United States is most predominant in:
a.
the Southeast
c.
the Southwest
b.
the Northeast
d.
the Northwest
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 70. 

The term ____________________ refers to cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, buffalo, and chickens.
 

 

 71. 

Animals whose ancestors had been domesticated, but who have reverted and now live in a wild state, are considered ____________________ animals.
 

 

 72. 

Mollusks and crustaceans are considered ____________________. fish.
 

 

 73. 

A newborn horse is called a ____________________.
 

 

 74. 

A male donkey is called a ____________________.
 

 

 75. 

An adult female cat is called a ____________________.
 

 

 76. 

Polled cattle lack ____________________.
 

 

 77. 

The first milk produced by a cow is called ____________________.
 

 

 78. 

An adult female pig is called a ____________________.
 

 

 79. 

A young female pig is called a ____________________.
 

 

 80. 

A young castrated pig is called a ____________________.
 

 

 81. 

An adult female sheep is called a ____________________.
 

 

 82. 

An adult male sheep is called a ____________________.
 

 

 83. 

An adult female chicken or turkey is called a ____________________.
 

 



 
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