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Wildlife and Fisheries Semester Test

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 1. 

Animals are classified into related groups based on their genetic and structural similarities to other animals.
 

 2. 

Animals that can obtain food from a number of different sources enjoy a strong competitive advantage over those that depend on single sources or types of food.
 

 3. 

An animal’s anatomy is closely related to that animal’s method of obtaining food.
 

 4. 

In a ruminant, the rumen is the smallest of the four stomach compartments.
 

 5. 

The branch of biology that describes relationships between organisms and the environments in which they live is called ecology.
 

 6. 

A pesticide that is used to control plants is called a rodenticide.
 

 7. 

In a food chain, secondary consumers are plant-eating organisms.
 

 8. 

Agriculture is the practice of raising plants and animals in a controlled environment.
 

 9. 

All living organisms that are known to humans are systematically classified into naturally-related groups known as taxonomic groups.
 

 10. 

A niche is a hole an organism lives in.
 

 11. 

When an organism can adjust to a wide range of environmental conditions, its ability to survive decreases.
 

 12. 

An ecosystem is made up of plants, animals, and microorganisms that interact with each other and with the non-living materials that surround them.
 

 13. 

When water is turbid, photosynthesis is limited in water plants.
 

 14. 

Cold water that is flowing rapidly tends to carry less dissolved oxygen than does warm water that is moving slowly.
 

 15. 

An estuary has characteristics of both freshwater and marine biomes.
 

 16. 

The tundra biome is often wet because it gets so much rainfall.
 

 17. 

Among illegal trade activities, worldwide trade in wildlife reportedly ranks second behind drug trafficking.
 

 18. 

With effort, humans can always prevent species from extinction.
 

 19. 

The greatest single cause of extinction is the destruction or modification of habitat.
 

 20. 

A slow rate of reproduction contributes to extinction by reducing the recovery rate of an endangered species.
 

 21. 

Humans are the only species that can make conscious decisions to destroy or preserve other forms of life.
 

 22. 

Rodents are gnawing mammals identified by the four large incisor teeth in the fronts of their mouths.
 

 23. 

Most rodents are herbivores and secondary consumers.
 

 24. 

Rodents are the main source of food for such predatory birds as hawks and owls.
 

 25. 

All the ruminant animals are secondary consumers.
 

 26. 

The horns of pronghorns are hollow and split into two separate prongs.
 

 27. 

Both male and female caribou have large, branched antlers.
 

 28. 

Members of the deer family in North America include moose, elk, caribou, and several species of deer.
 

 29. 

Musk oxen are well equipped for life in the arctic with long, wooly coats that protect them from the cold.
 

 30. 

The peccary, sometimes called a musk hog, or javelina, is a true pig.
 

 31. 

Predatory animals eat primary consumers as well as other predators.
 

 32. 

Wild cats prefer to hunt at night and live in packs.
 

 33. 

The coyote is a true carnivore that eats only the flesh of animals such as fish, domestic cats, and small dogs.
 

 34. 

The males of most duck species are brightly colored, while the females usually have plain or dull coloring.
 

 35. 

Geese, swans, and ducks mate for life.
 

 36. 

Most game birds are heavy-bodied and nest in trees.
 

 37. 

Many gallinaceous game birds prefer running to flying.
 

 38. 

Pheasants were introduced to North America from Asia.
 

 39. 

Pigeons and doves drink by putting their bills in water and sucking.
 

 40. 

One of the greatest threats to quail and other ground-dwelling game birds is heavy snow followed by crusting on the surface.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 41. 

Members of which of the following groupings have the most similar characteristics?
a.
genus
c.
kingdom
b.
phylum
d.
order
 

 42. 

Most mammals have a ________, which is a single compartment for storing food where the first steps of digestion occur.
a.
simple stomach
c.
gizzard
b.
crop
d.
rumen
 

 43. 

Birds grind and store their food in something called a(n):
a.
rumen
c.
crop
b.
simple stomach
d.
ovum
 

 44. 

In birds, the role of the gizzard is to:
a.
absorb water from the digestive tract
c.
grind food into fine particles
b.
transport nutrients throughout the body
d.
store large amounts of plant materials
 

 45. 

Animal reproduction is the sexual process that forms reproductive cells, also known as:
a.
homologues
c.
gametes
b.
zygotes
d.
centrioles
 

 46. 

Of the following types of energy, which is associated with motion and movement?
a.
chemical
c.
kinetic
b.
radiant
d.
thermal
 

 47. 

Which of the four following elements account for 96 percent of the material found in the tissue of living organisms?
a.
carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and water
b.
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
c.
hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, and potassium
d.
nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and oxygen
 

 48. 

The circular flow of elements from living organism to nonliving matter is known as a(n) __________ cycle.
a.
elemental
c.
energy
b.
food
d.
environmental
 

 49. 

All of the following are considered fossil fuels except:
a.
coal
c.
iron
b.
crude oil
d.
natural gas
 

 50. 

Plants give up large amounts of water to the atmosphere through which of the following processes?
a.
gravity
c.
transpiration
b.
sweating
d.
stabilization
 

 51. 

Food chains interweave with other other food chains to create food:
a.
pyramids
c.
dominance
b.
webs
d.
cycles
 

 52. 

According to ecologists, a group of similar organisms found in a defined area is called a(n):
a.
population
c.
ecosystem
b.
community
d.
biosphere
 

 53. 

The change that occurs as one kind of living organism replaces another organism in an environment is called:
a.
adaptable advantage
c.
competitive exclusion
b.
biological succession
d.
non-coexistence
 

 54. 

What is the term for the first plants to grow in an environment?
a.
pioneers
c.
rangers
b.
excluders
d.
climaxers
 

 55. 

An area where lava flow has cooled and hardened would likely exhibit which type of biological succession?
a.
secondary
c.
primary
b.
ecological
d.
suspended
 

 56. 

The plants that occupy an environment when the succession of species is complete and plant populations become stable are called:
a.
pioneers
c.
comfort zoners
b.
secondary successors
d.
climax communities
 

 57. 

When an organism is better able to survive in an environment than is another organism, that first-mentioned organism is said to have a:
a.
competitive advantage
c.
biological succession
b.
competitive exclusion
d.
primary succession
 

 58. 

The term “range of tolerance” describes an organism’s ability to do which of the following?
a.
survive changes in the environment
c.
exert dominance over other organisms
b.
establish new species in an area
d.
coexist with similar organisms
 

 59. 

Which type of biome is inhabited by plants, animals, and microscopic forms of life that are adapted to living in or near nonsalty water?
a.
marine
c.
water
b.
freshwater
d.
terrestrial
 

 60. 

Microscopic animals that float on the water and are eaten by fish and other aquatic animals are called:
a.
phytoplankton
c.
algae
b.
zooplankton
d.
estuaries
 

 61. 

In freshwater biomes, a habitat in which water stands for long periods would be considered:
a.
lentic
c.
lotic
b.
neritic
d.
stratified
 

 62. 

According to the principle of thermal stratification, which of the following is true?
a.
deep water tends to be cold
c.
deep water moves quickly
b.
surface water moves slowly
d.
surface water tends to be cold
 

 63. 

The world’s largest biome is the ________ biome.
a.
freshwater
c.
marine
b.
terrestrial
d.
tundra
 

 64. 

As water deepens, water pressure does which of the following?
a.
decreases
c.
fluctuates
b.
remains the same
d.
increases
 

 65. 

An area where a river enters an ocean, mixing fresh and saltwater, is called a(n):
a.
estuary
c.
oceanic zone
b.
ocean biome
d.
marine biome
 

 66. 

On the North American continent, which of the following biomes is farthest north?
a.
deciduous forest
c.
coniferous forest
b.
tundra
d.
grasslands
 

 67. 

Which of the following biomes is a large ecosystem consisting of plants, animals, and other living organisms that live on land?
a.
oceanic
c.
terrestrial
b.
marine
d.
freshwater
 

 68. 

Broadleaf trees like oak, maples, cherry, ash, hickory, and beech are found in the _________ biome.
a.
temperate forest
c.
grassland
b.
coniferous forest
d.
tundra
 

 69. 

For farmers, outdoor sportspersons, and others who benefit from land use and ownership, good stewardship involves which of the following?
a.
hunting only threatened species
c.
conserving soil resources
b.
ensuring land borders are clear
d.
removing natural vegetation
 

 70. 

According to the United States Endangered Species Act, an endangered species is an animal that is:
a.
already extinct
b.
in immediate danger of extinction
c.
at risk of extinction
d.
reasonably expected to survive
 

 71. 

The environment in which an organism makes its home and from which it obtains its food is that organism’s:
a.
habitat
c.
border
b.
potential
d.
stewardship
 

 72. 

In general, a healthy environment has species that are:
a.
diverse
c.
dominant
b.
mature
d.
specialized
 

 73. 

Species that cannot adapt their behaviors or diets to accommodate changes in their environment are:
a.
at the greatest risk of extinction
b.
difficult to work with
c.
over time able to adapt to modest changes
d.
able to recover from abrupt changes in their habitat
 

 74. 

Failure of a species to adapt to a changing environment is called:
a.
threatened activity
c.
alien approach
b.
nonadaptive behavior
d.
biotic potential
 

 75. 

A slow rate of reproduction translates to low:
a.
nonadaptive behavior
c.
biotic potential
b.
degree of specialization
d.
stewardship success
 

 76. 

Which of the following is an example of an endangered species?
a.
white-tailed deer
c.
red fox
b.
red wolf
d.
eastern gray squirrel
 

 77. 

The largest population that the resources of an environment, a habitat, or an ecosystem can support without causing damage is the:
a.
bag limit
c.
peak population
b.
carrying capacity
d.
sustainable limit
 

 78. 

Hares differ from rabbits in that they have:
a.
no hair at birth
c.
closed eyes at birth
b.
shorter hind legs
d.
wider ears
 

 79. 

Which of the following has long, coarse hair on its feet for moving on snowy surfaces?
a.
Alaskan hare
c.
Arctic hare
b.
jackrabbit
d.
Cottontail rabbit
 

 80. 

The largest rodent found in North America is the:
a.
North American porcupine
c.
woodchuck
b.
fox squirrel
d.
true beaver
 

 81. 

Except for horses and burros, all the hoofed mammals are:
a.
single-hoofed
c.
members of the deer family
b.
cloven-hoofed
d.
secondary consumers
 

 82. 

All of the following belong to the deer family except the:
a.
pronghorn
c.
caribou
b.
elk
d.
moose
 

 83. 

For elk, the mating season in the fall is known as the:
a.
rut
c.
groove
b.
cud
d.
call
 

 84. 

As deer antlers grow and develop, they are covered with skin and hair called:
a.
moss
c.
velvet
b.
suede
d.
fungi
 

 85. 

Which of the following is the main predator of the caribou?
a.
mountain lion
c.
coyote
b.
wolf
d.
human
 

 86. 

All of the following are job responsibilities of the game warden except:
a.
gathering biological research data
c.
investigating complaints about crop damage
b.
raising wildlife in domesticated environments
d.
preventing fish and game violations
 

 87. 

Coyotes and wolves are sometimes seen as enemies to humans because they:
a.
kill domestic livestock when possible
b.
may attack humans when rabid
c.
destroy farm crops
d.
overpopulate easily
 

 88. 

Members of the weasel family differ from other predators in that they:
a.
are small and highly efficient
b.
kill more animals than are needed to eat
c.
avoid entering the dens of prey
d.
attack much larger creatures
 

 89. 

Which of the following will kill and eat a skunk despite the skunk’s pungent smell?
a.
wolf
c.
mink
b.
fox
d.
bobcat
 

 90. 

The largest member of the weasel family is a:
a.
badger
c.
mink
b.
wolverine
d.
fisher
 

 91. 

Comb-like lamellae can be found on a duck’s:
a.
head
c.
webbed feet
b.
beak
d.
plumage
 

 92. 

Ducks that feed on the surface or just beneath the surface by upending with their heads submerged are called ___________ ducks.
a.
diving
c.
gosling
b.
cygnet
d.
dabbling
 

 93. 

Which of the following is a diving duck with a spike-like bill that feeds on small fish and aquatic insects in freshwater streams, rivers, and lakes?
a.
common merganser
c.
northern shoveler
b.
blue-winged teal
d.
common eider
 

 94. 

The molt is a dangerous time for ducks because:
a.
loss of feathers makes it hard for the ducks to stay warm
b.
ducks may fail to recognize their mates and turn on them
c.
ducks lose their ability to fly and are more easily caught
d.
the duck’s system becomes more susceptible to disease
 

 95. 

The number of eggs and young of a gallinaceous bird is known as a:
a.
covey
c.
clutch
b.
scrape
d.
plume
 

 96. 

When male and female game birds have more than one mate for breeding purposes, they are considered:
a.
polygamous
c.
polygynous
b.
monogamous
d.
none of the above
 

 97. 

Partridges are difficult to capture and kill, but they are never safe from which of the following?
a.
wolves and coyotes
c.
hunters
b.
snakes
d.
birds of prey
 

 98. 

Pheasants are distinguished from other game birds by their:
a.
short legs
c.
thick necks
b.
dull feathers
d.
long tails
 

 99. 

What grouse is adapted to cold, northern climates and changes its plumage with the seasons?
a.
sage grouse
c.
rock ptarmigan
b.
spruce grouse
d.
ruffed grouse
 

 100. 

In male turkeys, the prominent red facial tissue that becomes bright red during the mating ritual is called:
a.
wattles
c.
gizzards
b.
catkins
d.
beards
 



 
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